What is ecotourism?
Ecotourism encompasses nature-based activities that increase visitor appreciation and understanding of natural and cultural values. They are experiences that are managed to ensure they are ecologically, economically and socially sustainable, contributing to the wellbeing and conservation of the natural areas and local communities where they operate.
The World Tourism Organisation defines ecotourism as:
- all nature-based forms of tourism in which the main motivation of the tourists is the observation and appreciation of nature as well as the traditional cultures prevailing in natural areas
- an experience/activity that contains educational and interpretation features
- an experience/activity that is generally, but not exclusively, organised by specialised tour operators for small groups. Service provider partners at the destinations tend to be small, locally owned businesses.
- an experience/activity that minimises negative impacts on the natural and socio-cultural environment
- an experience/activity that supports the maintenance of natural areas which are used as ecotourism attractions by:
- generating economic benefits for host communities, organisations and authorities managing natural areas with conservation purposes;
- providing alternative employment and income opportunities for local communities; and
- increasing awareness towards the conservation of natural and cultural assets, both among locals and tourists.
Why is ecotourism important?
Tourism is a $25 billion industry for Queensland, generating $65 million a day in visitor expenditure across the state, both directly and indirectly employing 230,000 Queenslanders.
Experiencing nature is a primary motivator for both domestic and international visitors in Australia. Queensland has a natural competitive advantage in providing visitors with high-quality ecotourism experiences because of our world-class national parks and marine parks, five World Heritage areas, and a huge diversity of unique and unrivalled landscapes and iconic wildlife.
Queensland’s national parks play a substantial role for ecotourism. Our commercial tour operators have a long history of accessing national parks and providing visitors with a wide array of ecotourism experiences.
What is happening to support ecotourism?
Sustainable ecotourism experiences are able to showcase Queensland’s special natural and cultural values while offering visitors and locals unique and memorable experiences in some of the state’s most spectacular areas.
The Queensland Government is committed to progressing new best-practice iconic ecotourism experiences to attract further growth in the domestic and international visitor market.
Ecotourism opportunities may include:
- commercial tourism operators that access Queensland’s protected area estate through Commercial Activity Permits and Commercial Activity Agreements, and
- the design, construction, ongoing operation and maintenance of low-impact eco-accommodation and other appropriate infrastructure within the protected area estate.
These Queensland Government initiatives will be fundamental to making Queensland the number one ecotourism destination in Australia, delivering world-class ecotourism attractions and experiences in Queensland’s national parks.
Why is eco-certification required?
Importance of eco-certification
Positioning Queensland as a world leader in ecotourism requires excellence in product delivery, operations and services. Industry has indicated over many years that best-practice standards are essential in achieving this ambition.
Many ecotourism operators working within national parks and other protected areas are already eco-certified and demonstrate a commitment to best-practice business operations and minimal impact on the natural environment. The requirement for all tourism operators authorised under long-term agreements to be ecotourism certified demonstrates the importance of these ambitions. It sends a strong message to the market that tourism operators in national parks are best-practice, providing a competitive positioning for Queensland as a leading ecotourism destination.
Eco-certification requirements for tour operators
All long-term commercial activity agreement (agreement) holders and ecotourism operators conducting their ecotourism experiences within the protected area estate must have commenced their ecotourism certification process within 12 months of entering into an agreement and must finalise certification within 18 months of entering into an agreement. Ecotourism certification must be maintained for the life of the agreement.
Information on the type of ecotourism certification operators will need to achieve is provided below.
Endorsement of eco-certification schemes
The department partners with independent eco-certification providers, who can demonstrate their scheme (s) meet the criteria detailed below, to provide eco-certification schemes.
Assessment criteria for certification schemes
To be recognised as a department-endorsed certification scheme, a scheme must demonstrate the following features:
- A set of best practices that effectively covers the nominated key areas (below).
- A requirement that tourism operators agree to adopt, comply with and publicise the best practices.
- A process for monitoring and auditing compliance with the best practices and other requirements.
- A system to issue a certificate to demonstrate compliance with the best practices.
- A mechanism to investigate alleged non-compliance with the best practices and, if necessary, to withdraw certification.
- An appeals process for tourism operators.
- A process and timeframe for reviewing the set of best practices.
- A process to identify and address conflicts and potential conflicts of interest.
- The potential for long-term viability.
Key areas of best practice
- Habitat protection
- Species conservation and interaction
- Waste minimisation and management
- Cultural heritage protection
- Good neighbour behaviour
- Environmental contingency arrangements
- Visitor information about natural and cultural values and world heritage status
- Delivery of visitor information
- Truth in marketing
- Client services and infrastructure
- Reporting suspected infringements, incidents and pollution
- Monitoring the protected areas and their use
- Supporting local and indigenous communities
- Training staff.
Department endorsed ecotourism certification schemes
The department has endorsed the following ecotourism certification providers:
Phone: (07) 3252 1530
The department has endorsed the ‘Ecotourism’ and ‘Advanced Ecotourism’ certification levels of Ecotourism Australia’s ECO Certification Program. Operators must achieve a minimum of ‘Ecotourism’ level ecotourism certification under this scheme.
Ecotourism Australia has developed a brochure outlining the key features of the ECO and Respecting Our Culture Certification essentials for tour operators. Additional information for tour operators on the features of the ECO Certification Program and how to apply is available on Ecotourism Australia’s website.
Phone: (07) 3238 1900
The department has endorsed the EarthCheck Evaluate and Certified ecotourism certification schemes.
EarthCheck is the world’s leading scientific benchmarking certification and advisory group for the travel and tourism industry. These programs help tourism operators to measure and manage their environmental footprint, and to provide clear, auditable evidence of sustainable practices, and are being further developed with criteria and auditing requirements specific to operations within Queensland’s national parks.
Additional information for tour operators is available on the EarthCheck website.