Nature, culture and history
Formed over millions of years from ancient sediments, the variable landscape of Diamantina boasts many different ecosystems. Sandstone mesas, sand dunes, claypans, gibber plains and river channels each support a diverse and distinctive community of plants and animals that are especially adapted to local soils and microclimates.
A number of vulnerable and endangered species including bilbies, kowaris, and two ground dwelling birds—the plains wanderer and elusive night parrot—find refuge in this park. Threatened by predators and stray cattle, bilbies in Queensland are now restricted to a few populations on and near Diamantina.
Many plant and animal populations in Diamantina fluctuate with the seasons, which are characterised by long periods of dry weather, and short torrential downpours that result in widespread flooding. Inland taipans and birds of prey feast on native long-haired rats that breed quickly after rain, and desert plants explode into a colourful kaleidoscope of flowers.
River channels, ephemeral wetlands and permanent water bodies throughout the park attract spectacular flocks of waterbirds, while nearby coolibahs, river cooba and gidgee provide food and shelter for screeching bands of budgerigars, corellas and galahs.
Lake Constance and Hunters Gorge—two wetlands of national significance—are protected for the resident and migratory birds that breed there.
A core part of Western Queensland, the watercourses, ranges and plains of Diamantina National Park once supported the Maiawali and Karuwali Aboriginal people.
Following the seasons to where food and fresh water were plentiful, Indigenous people moved through every part of this landscape and maintained close physical and spiritual connections to country. Their strong spiritual connections remain today.
Expeditions led by early explorers into Queensland’s interior revealed extensive grass plains and naturally deep waterholes—fed by seasonal rains and the artesian basin.
Shortly after, a thriving cattle industry developed in the region, and Diamantina Lakes Station was established as a cattle property in 1875. Running up to 12,000 head of cattle in good times, the 507,000 ha property was prized as prime fattening country by the station’s many owners. Purchased in 1992 by the Queensland Government, the property was subsequently gazetted as a national park, although a number of stock routes still pass through it and are used regularly.
- Read more about the nature, culture and history of the Parks of Central West Queensland.