Management of national parks
Each protected area type has specific management principles listed in Part 4 of the Nature Conservation Act 1992.
The cardinal principle for managing national parks is to provide, to the greatest possible extent, for the permanent preservation of the area's natural condition and the protection of the area's cultural resources and values. Protecting a park's natural condition can require considerable action. This is what park management is all about.
Other management principles for national parks are:
- to present the park's cultural and natural resources and their values
- to ensure that park use is nature-based and ecologically sustainable
- to provide opportunities for education and recreational activities in a way consistent with the park’s natural and cultural resources and values
- provide opportunities for ecotourism in a way consistent with the park’s natural and cultural resources and values.
So national parks are managed for nature first. But nature-based recreational use is encouraged, where possible.
Mining, including oil and gas exploration is not allowed on national parks.
Public utilities such as roads and powerlines are sometimes located on national parks. Often they existed before the parks were declared. Telecommunication facilities are sometimes established on national parks.
If these types of developments proceed, park managers must ensure that any adverse impacts are kept to a minimum.
A national park is set aside forever. A national park or part of a national park can only be revoked or cancelled with the consent of Parliament. This also applies to other protected area categories such as conservation parks and resources reserves.
Under the Nature Conservation Regulations, recreational, commercial and other activities on protected areas are managed or controlled to minimise their impact.
Queensland national parks are managed via a framework which identifies a set of values.
The declaration and conservation of a national park is one of the principles by which Queensland national parks estate is managed.
Conserving wildlife is one of the principles by which Queensland national parks estate is managed.