Declared Fish Habitat Area summary - Fitzroy River

Fitzroy River

Fitzroy River


Parts of the Fitzroy River estuary, Raglan Creek and the wetland systems surrounding North Curtis Island and within the Fitzroy delta south-east of Rockhampton.

Plan number

FHA-072 (PDF, 2.7MB)


77,878 ha

Management level


Declaration dates

28 March 2008 (original declaration)

30 September 2016 (redeclared to include Balaclava Island and areas within the Fitzroy delta).

Local government

Livingstone Shire Council/Rockhampton Regional Council/Gladstone Regional Council

Management features

Management of highly productive fisheries area.

Habitat values

Extensive saltpans and saline grasslands fed by mangrove-lined creeks; closed mixed-species mangrove forests dominated by Avicennia marina, Rhizophora stylosa and Ceriops tagal; mud and sand flats; rocky headlands and brackish lagoons.

Fisheries values

Commercial, recreational and Indigenous fisheries resources; mud crab; barramundi; banana prawns; king salmon; blue salmon; sea mullet; grunter and shark.

Unique features

The Fitzroy River delta is the end point of the largest river system in Queensland; southern distributional limit of Acanthus ilicifolius.

Other values

None presently identified.

Further references

Bruinsma, C 2000, Queensland coastal wetland resources: Sand Bay to Keppel Bay, Information Series QI00100, Queensland Department of Primary Industries.

Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing 2014, Fisheries resources of Balaclava Island, Fitzroy River: Central Queensland (PDF, 4.6MB) .

Long, P & McKinnon, S 2002, Habitats and fisheries resources of the Fitzroy River estuary (Central Queensland), Queensland Department of Primary Industries.

Richardson, D & Jones, C 2015, Assessment of sub-tidal habitats at Cawarral Creek, Calliope River and Balaclava Island – Final Report (PDF, 711.6KB) , BMT WBM Pty Ltd (Executive Summary – full report can be obtained by emailing

Sheaves, M, Johnston, R & Mattone, C 2014, Balaclava Island 2014 fish survey (PDF, 1.1MB) , School of marine and tropical biology, James Cook University.